21 November 2015

Black Woman Speaks of White Womanhood

“You were afraid to nurse your young
lest fallen breast offend your master’s sight
and he should flee to firmer loveliness.
And so you passed them, your children, on to me.
Flesh that was your flesh and blood that was your blood
drank the sustenance of life from me.
And as I gave suckle I knew I nursed my own child’s enemy.
I could have lied,
told you your child was fed till it was dead of hunger.
But I could not find the heart to kill orphaned innocence.
For as it fed, it smiled and burped and gurgled with content
and as for color knew no difference.
Yes, in that first while
I kept your sons and daughters alive.
But when they grew strong in blood and bone
that was of my milk
taught them to hate me.
Put your decay in their hearts and upon their lips
so that strength that was of myself
turned and spat upon me,
despoiled my daughters, and killed my sons.
You know I speak true.“
(Beah Richards, excerpt from “A Black Woman Speaks of White Womanhood")

27 October 2015

Flight safety - Pilots & Technicians

After every flight, Qantas pilots fill out a form, called a “gripe sheet,” which tells mechanics about problems with the aircraft. The mechanics correct the problems, document their repairs on the form, and then pilots review the gripe sheets before the next flight. Never let it be said that ground crews lack a sense of humor. Here are some actual maintenance complaints submitted by Qantas’ pilots (marked with a P) and the solutions recorded (marked with an S) by maintenance engineers.......

Qantas is the only major airline that  has never had an accident. . Enjoy!

P: Left inside main tire almost needs replacement.
S: Almost replaced left inside main tire.


P: Test flight OK, except auto-land very rough.
S: Auto-land not installed on this aircraft.

P: Something loose in cockpit
S: Something tightened in cockpit

P: Dead bugs on windshield
S: Live bugs on back-order.

P: Autopilot in altitude-hold mode produces a 200 feet per minute descent.
S: Cannot reproduce problem on ground.

P: Evidence of leak on right main landing gear.
S: Evidence removed.

P: DME volume unbelievably loud.
S: DME volume set to more believably level.

P: Friction locks cause throttle levers to stick.
S: That's what they are for.

P: IFF inoperative.
S: IFF always inoperative in OFF mode.

P: Suspected crack in windshield.
S: Suspect you're right.

P: Number 3 engine missing.
S: Engine found on right wing after brief search.

P: Aircraft handles funny.
S: Aircraft warned to straighten up, fly right, and be serious.

P: Target radar hums.
S: Re-programmed target radar with lyrics.

P: Mouse in cockpit.
S: Cat installed.

And the best one for the last ...............

P: Noise coming from under instrument panel. Sounds like a midget pounding on something with a hammer.
S: Took hammer away from midget.

26 October 2015

Prostrate health awareness.


Though this article is targeted at men aged 40 or more years the healthcare enlightenment is for everyone.

Responsible health promotion must provide three things:
  1. Information
  2. Reassurance
  3. A plan of action.

Background on prostate health. 

Everyone has a pair of kidneys.  The job of the kidney is to remove waste. It is the waste management company of your body. Everyday your blood passes through the kidney several times to be filtered. As the blood is filtered, urine is formed and stored in a temporary storage tank called the urinary bladder.

If there were to be no urinary bladder, as a man walks on the road, urine will be dropping.
Now think of the plumbing work in your house. Think of the urinary bladder as the overhead 

storage tank. From the storage tank, a good plumber will run pipes to other parts of the 
house, including the kitchen.

God in His wisdom ran pipes from our urinary bladder to the tip of the penis. 
The pipe is called the urethra. Just below the bladder and surrounding the urethra is a little organ called the prostate gland.

The prostate gland is the size of a walnut and weighs about 20grams. 
Its job is to make the seminal fluid which is stored in the seminal vesicle.

During sexual intercourse, seminal fluid comes down the urethra and mixes with the sperms 
produced in the testicles to form the semen. So semen technically is not sperm. 
It is sperm + seminal fluid. The seminal fluid lubricates the sperm.

After age 40, for reasons that may be hormonal, the prostate gland begins to enlarge.
From 20 grams it may grow to almost 100 grams. As it enlarges, it squeezes the urethra 
and the man begins to notice changes in the way he urinates.

If you have a son under 10, if he has a little mischief like we all did at that age, 
when he comes out to urinate, he can target the ceiling and the jet will hit target. 
Call his father to do same, wahala dey.

His urine stream is weak, cannot travel a long distance and sometimes may come 
straight down on his legs. So he may need to stand in awkward position to urinate.

Not many men will be worried their urine stream cannot hit the ceiling. 
Toilets are on the floor and not on the ceiling.
But other symptoms begin to show.

The man begins to notice that after urinating and repacking, urine still drops on his pants. 
This is the reason why after an older man urinates, he has to ring bell. A younger man simply delivers to the last drop and walks away. Just see an older man coming from the bathroom. Sometimes he may clutch the newspaper closely to hide the urine stains, particularly on plain colored trousers.

At this point you wait longer for the urine flow to start. There are 2 valves that must open 
for you to urinate – the internal and external sphincters. Both open but because of 
obstructions in the urethra, you wait long for the flow to start.

You have this feeling immediately after urinating that there is still something left.

As all these things happen, the bladder begins to work harder to compensate for the 
obstruction in the urethra. The frequency of urination goes up. Urgency sets in. 
Sometimes you have to practically run into the toilet. Nocturia also becomes common. 
You wake up more than 2 times at night to urinate.  Your wife begins to complain.

Men being men may not talk to anyone even at this point.
Then the more serious complications start.
Stored urine gets infected and there may be burning sensation when urinating.

Stored urine forms crystals. Crystals come together to form stone either in the 
bladder or in the kidney. Stones may block the urethra.

Chronic urinary retention sets in. The bladder stores more and more urine. 
The size of the bladder is 40- 600 ml (milli litres).  A bottle of coke is 50 ml. As the bladder stores more urine it can enlarge up to 3000 ml.

An overfilled bladder may leak and this leads to wetting / urinary incontinence. 
Also the volume may put pressure on the kidney and may lead to kidney damage.
What may likely bring the man to hospital is acute urinary retention. 
He wakes up one day and he is not able to pass urine.

Everything I have described above is associated with prostate enlargement, 
technically called benign prostate hyperplasia.
There are other diseases of the prostate like

  1. Prostatitis – inflammation of the prostate
  2. Prostate cancer – cancer of the prostate.

This discussion is on prostate enlargement.

I have bad news and good news.
The bad news is that everyman will have prostate enlargement if he lives long enough.
The good news is that there are life style changes that can help the man after 40 to maintain 
optimum prostate health.

Look at what you eat. 33% of all cancers, according to established research is 
related to what we eat.

Red meat everyday triples your chances of prostate disease. 
Milk everyday doubles your risk.
Not taking fruits / vegetables daily quadruples your risk.

Tomatoes are very good for men. 
If that is the only thing your wife can present in the evening, eat it with joy.
It has loads of lycopene. Lycopene is the most potent natural antioxidant.

Foods that are rich in zinc are also good for men. We recommend pumpkin seeds (ugbogulu).
Zinc is about the most essential element for male sexuality and fertility.

Men need more zinc than women. Every time a man ejaculates he loses 15mg of zinc. 
Zinc is also important for alcohol metabolism. Your liver needs zinc to metabolize alcohol.

As men begin to have urinary symptoms associated with prostate enlargement, 
it is important they look at alcohol consumption. 
More fluid in means more fluid out. Drink less. Drink slowly.

Exercise helps build the muscle tone. Every man should exercise. 
Men over 40 should avoid high impact exercise like jogging. 
It puts pressure on the knees. Cycling is bad news for the prostate. 
We recommend brisk walking.

When we sit, two-third of our weight rests on the pelvic bones. 
Men who sit longer are more prone to prostate symptoms. 
Do not sit for long hours. Walk around as often as you can. 
Sit on comfortable chairs. 

Men should avoid tight underwear. 
It impacts circulation around the groin and heats it up a bit. 
While the physiological temperature is 37 degrees, the groin has 
an optimal temperature of about 33 degrees.
Pant is a no-no for men. Wear boxers. Wear breathable clothing.

Avoid smoking. It affects blood vessels and impact circulation around the groin.

Regular sex is good for the prostate.
Celibates are more prone to prostate illness. While celibacy is a moral decision, 
it is not a biological adaptation. 
Your prostate gland is designed to empty its contents regularly.
Now I have given you a reason to cheer up.

* My thanks to Gen. Niranjan Malick and Col. RP Singh for this informative and useful article.

20 October 2015

New enemies

Whilst on his deathbed, Voltaire was asked by a Catholic priest to renounce Satan. With a smile he replied, 

"Now, now my good man this is not the time to make new enemies"

Who was Voltaire?

Fran├žois-Marie Arouet a French philosopher was popularly known as Voltaire (1694 -1778).

He was also an enlightenment writer, historian. Famous for his wit, his attacks on the established aristocracy, Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state. 

Voltaire was a versatile writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, essays, and historical and scientific works. He wrote more than 20,000 letters and more than 2,000 books and pamphlets. 

He was an outspoken advocate of several liberties, despite the risk this placed him in under the strict censorship laws of the time.  He frequently made use of his works in satirical form to criticise intolerance, religious dogma, and the French institutions of his day.

Not surprisingly Voltaire faced lifelong troubles with the authorities for critiques of dictatorial, unjust and hypocritical forces. 

Voltaire's activities were to result in numerous imprisonments and exiles. Yet the brave man refused to give up his principles.

He mainly argued for religious tolerance and freedom of thought. He campaigned to eradicate dictatorial priestly and aristo-monarchical authority, and supported a constitutional monarchy that protects people's rights.

The character and beliefs of the man can be judged by his words and actions. In arguing a particular case he declared, "I do not agree with what you say, but I shall defend to my dying breath your right to say it." Indeed a lesson for many so called religious and political leaders of today

Despite great pressure and threats from the aristocracy and the Church, Voltaire refused till his dying breath to retract his well-known criticism of the Church.

Satan -The Temptation of Christ - Ary Scheffer 1854

Why do Christians ask that people renounce Satan?

Christians believe that against God's wishes Adam and Eve ate the fruit from the tree of knowledge. Hence they were thrown out of paradise, the garden of Eden by God. God cursed them as sinners and therefore their children would also be born sinners.

Thereafter God felt remorse and wanted to correct the situation. So he sent His own son Jesus Christ, (who was born from the virgin Mother Mary and hence not a sinner) to take upon himself the sins of all of humanity. 

Therefore as per the christian faith only way a person can receive salvation is to renounce Satan, to accept that they believe in God, accept that Jesus as the Son of God who has taken the sins of the believers upon himself.

Satan is believed to be an angel who rebelled against God and therefore evil.